This is what I use.
Thank you. Cause I see tiny flies and im getting worried.
Are they fungus gnats? Is your soil really wet? Do you let your soil dry out between watering?
tbh I dont check if its dried out. What u recommended and how often should I water them and how much?
Everyone waters different with their grows. I water once the top 2" of my coco is dry and my pots feel light which is usually every 7 to 10 days.
I water according to the plant size. "ie: don't give a gallon of water to a 3" tall plant in a 5 gallon pot, only water whats needed.
I have very little to no runoff unless I'm checking ppm and ph then I will water heavy on the plant to get runoff to test both ph and ppm.
We would need to know what pests you are talking about before we can offer a solution since some solutions work on some pests but not others.